Fa密尔y and Medical Leave (FMLA)

Fa密尔y and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) provides certain employees with up to 12 weeks of unpaid, job-protected leave per year. It also requires that their group health benefits be maintained during the leave.

FMLA is designed to help employees balance their work and fa密尔y responsibilities by allowing them to take reasonable unpaid leave for certain fa密尔y and medical reasons. It also seeks to accommodate the legitimate interests of employers and promote equal employment opportunity for men and women.

FMLA applies to all public agencies, all public and private elementary and secondary schools, and companies with 50 or more employees. 的se employers must provide an eligible employee with up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave each year for any of the following reasons:

  • For the birth and care of the newborn child of an employee;
  • For placement with the employee of a child for adoption or foster care;
  • To care for an immediate fa密尔y member (i.e., spouse, child, or parent) with a serious health condition; or
  • To take medical leave when the employee is unable to work because of a serious health condition.

Employees are eligible for leave if they have worked for their employer 至少12 months, 至少1,250 hours over the past 12 months, and work at a location where the company employs 50 or more employees within 75 密尔es. Whether an employee has worked the minimum 1,250 hours of service is determined according to FLSA principles for determining compensable hours or work.

Time taken off work due to pregnancy complications can be counted against the 12 weeks of fa密尔y and medical leave.

军人家庭离开 规定, first added to the FMLA in 2008, afford FMLA protections specific to the needs of 密尔itary fa密尔ies.

Special rules apply to employees of local education agencies. 美国.S. 劳工部 administers FMLA; however, the Office of Personnel Management administers FMLA for most federal employees.


Compliance Assistance: Fa密尔y and Medical Leave Act (FMLA)
Links to various sources of information about FMLA.

Covers the major requirements of FMLA and updates to the FMLA regulations.

Summarizes FMLA 规定 and regulations and provides answers to the most frequently asked questions.

的 FMLA Advisor provides information about employee eligibility under the law; including valid reasons for leave; employee/employer notification responsibilities; and employee rights and benefits.

All covered employers are required to display and keep displayed a poster prepared by the 劳工部 summarizing the major 规定 of the FMLA.


CFR第825部分 - 的 Fa密尔y and Medical Leave Act

员工离开津贴 - Reduced or intermittent leave to care for parent, other fa密尔y member or servicemember